Diabetes and Eye Problems

One of the most well known and possibly severe issues of diabetes is that of eye related problems.  When a person’s sight is at risk, almost anything would be done to prevent this happening and for a diabetes sufferer, it is actually a simple process to avoid one of a number of eye related problems happening either now or in the future.

With experts suggesting that anyone who has been diagnosed with diabetes is at greater risk of developing conditions such as glaucoma or cataracts, compared to those who are free of diabetes, this is the time to take action.

Exactly how do eye problems occur?

The link between diabetes and eye problems comes down to testing blood sugar levels. Any potential issues involving sight tend to occur when glucose levels are not managed properly and readings that end up being too high, or too low can cause all sorts of issues.

A closer look at diabetes and eye problems

It is important to have a rough idea of the potential issues involving diabetes and eye problems that can occur at any time. Another vital point to take on board is that these can easily be avoided, through regular screening with a relevant healthcare professional.

No condition involving the eye/s should be ignored because by doing so, it can lead to long-term damage, and the worst case is that someone could lose their sight permanently. 

One of the most common conditions that is most likely to occur with anyone who suffers from diabetes is diabetic retinopathy. This eye disease develops when the blood vessels of the retina becomes damaged. Despite being well known, it is actually a very serious condition but this can be detected early.

Cataracts can develop in people of any age but experts have said that people with diabetes are at a greater risk of doing so. This condition leads to the lens of the eye becoming cloudy and as a result, will significantly restrict a field of vision.

Glaucoma is a condition that a lot of people will have heard of and it is entirely possible for a person to lose his / her sight entirely. This happens when there is a fluid build up which puts pressure on the optic nerve. Anyone can end up with glaucoma but figures have suggested that diabetics are more likely to get it, compared with anyone who is free from diabetes.

Getting eye checks

One major point to remember is that with the conditions listed above, symptoms do not always occur and any disruption involving eyes and sight can actually come on very quickly.

It is not always going to be possible to be safeguarded entirely but regular eye tests should at least detect any signs of a condition which pre-exists and could potentially worsen in future.

These are just a few of the things that a professional would look for:

  • Any swelling around the retina area – this is also known as a macular edema
  • Any signs of damage to the nerves or surrounding tissue
  • Are there any indications of blood vessels leaking?

Top tip: As mentioned above, eye problems can develop quite quickly and without prior warning and that is why getting regular check-ups (especially for anyone with diabetes) is going to be essential so that any of the typical signs of any condition can be found out as soon as possible, and appropriate treatment can start.

Reducing the impact of developing an eye condition

As with most health conditions that can develop, it is well known that there are a variety of ways to avoid them surfacing in the first place. Eye problems are frequent with those who have been diagnosed with either type one or type two diabetes, but by following a few of the points listed below, it could at least reduce the risk of  ending up with a serious condition.

These are just a few of the things that could be done:

  • The lack of proper glucose (blood sugar) monitoring is believed to be a common cause in eye problems occurring but by regularly checking these levels, it will mean that proper action can be taken to ensure a steady and healthy rate. Never underestimate the importance of such monitoring because it can safeguard against a range of potential health issues
  • Exercising regularly. There are so many benefits from doing this and it will do anything from keeping glucose levels under control, reducing a high blood pressure and (hopefully) it may even reduce cholesterol levels. A minimum of 30 minutes per day is recommended but this should be more if possible
  • Ensure that regular eye checks are carried out. As mentioned above, this is something which should never be ignored and by visiting a qualified professional, this could lead to any warning signs being detected as early as possible
  • For anyone who smokes then this is a habit which should be given up because otherwise, it is known to drastically increase blood pressure and glucose levels

Fact: When it comes to the overall health and wellbeing of a person, getting a diagnosis on any eye condition as early as possible will mean that the overall prospects of a full recovery are good. The longer a problem is left however, the chance of long-term damage is more likely to be a foregone conclusion.

It may seem obvious but if there are any signs of possible problems then be sure to seek the relevant medical advice as soon as possible. No-one could afford to lose their sight and with plenty of ways of preventing such a scenario in the first place, there is no reason it should happen.

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