Diabetes and Hyperglycaemia
Hyperglycaemia is a regular problem related to cases of diabetes, and this particular term refers to someone who has a high blood sugar (glucose) reading. There can be a number of different reasons why this might occur, but there are also ways of trying to reduce blood sugar levels.
Diabetes is a condition which should not be taken for granted because if a sufferer continues to have high blood sugar levels, the risks in future could be severe and in some cases, permanent.
When it comes to diabetes, you may be wondering what can lead to hyperglycaemia happening in the first place. To put it simply, the blood sugar level can rise, either due to the pancreas not producing any insulin, or that the body is unable to absorb it properly.
If you follow the advice listed below then it is entirely possible you can avoid hyperglycaemia altogether and remain happy and healthy, without causing any harm to you and your body.
Each type of diabetes develops for a different reason and therefore treatment will differ from person to person. The causes for type 1 and type 2 are as follows:
- Type 1 diabetes develops when the body fails to produce any insulin and therefore injections are required to replace this loss
- Type 2 diabetes develops as the body is unable to process it effectively
Types of Hyperglycaemia
You may be surprised to know that there are two different types of hyperglycaemia that are associated with someone who has developed diabetes. As you are about to see, the next few points will detail exactly what experts define to be a high blood sugar reading.
- Fasting – As the name suggests, a reading is taken after a fasting period of at least 8 hours. If it measures it at 90 – 130 mg/dl (known as milligrams per decilitre) then this is too high.
- After meal (also referred to as postprandial) – This type of hyperglycaemia occurs when a reading exceeds 180 mg/dl. It is important to remember that there may be some occasions when a reading reaches 180 mg/dl but this is really nothing to worry about, it is anything over 180 that a person should worry about.
Causes of Hyperglycaemia
The reason for high blood sugar levels occurring are going to vary from person to person but these are just a few of the possible causes that this could happen:
- Overeating and / or consuming foods that contain a high number of calories
- Stress about any personal / work related issues
- An illness or infection can be a common factor
- Not taking enough insulin as and when it is required
- Not exercising enough, or doing an activity too often
These are just a few of the possibilities and it is important to ensure that you stay as healthy as possible to prevent hyperglycaemia occurring. From time to time, we all tend to overindulge and that is not going to be a major problem, but if this is done on a regular basis then this could cause issues in future.
Symptoms of high blood sugar levels
A major benefit of regularly testing your blood sugar level is that you can prevent any further problems surfacing, but from time to time you might experience one or more of the following symptoms which could indicate something that needs action.
- Urinating regularly
- Experiencing a greater level of thirst
- If a urine test is done then the results could indicate a high level of sugar
These are the signs that you need to be on the look out for but as many experts suggest, regular glucose testing should prevent the symptoms, as you will already be actively managing your condition.
Treating the problem
If you find yourself to be suffering from hyperglycaemia then there are a number of ways that are useful at lowering a blood sugar reading. All of these are very simple but equally effective methods.
- Certain types of exercise – look at something which won’t be too strenuous, such as swimming or brisk walking. If you have a level reading of 240 mg/dl and above then there could be a presence of ketones (waste products) in your urine. If this is the case then all forms of exercise must be avoided, otherwise this may increase your blood sugar level even more.
- Avoid overeating – if you tend to eat too much (something we all do from time to time) then it might be best to start looking at reducing the amount of food consumed on a daily basis
Top tip: If you are not entirely certain about how to lower your blood sugar level then your doctor will be able to provide advice on ways of doing this slowly, yet efficiently.
Do not ignore the problem
With hyperglycaemia, it is important to note that this is not a problem which is going to go away on its own and therefore you should seek advice as soon as possible to start rectifying any issues.
If no action is taken then this can soon become very serious and develop into a condition referred to as ketocidosis (also known as a diabetic coma), which is caused by a lack of insulin.
Never ignore this problem because it can endanger your life and therefore it is best to become aware of the telltale signs. However, you can avoid this altogether by managing your blood sugar level properly.
- Feeling queasy / sick and vomiting
- Experiencing breathlessness
- Your breath could smell fruity
If there is anything you are unsure about, it is essential that you see your doctor so that any problems can be addressed and treated. Don’t put your health and life at risk!