Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes (is referred to as an autoimmune disease) is well known to develop due to a lack of insulin in the body and many experts believe that this happens when the beta cells within the pancreas are destroyed. No-one is entirely certain why the damage occurs but it has commonly
been attributed with some form of viral infection or the body itself simply
working at destroying the cells.
Compared with type 2, this form of the condition is less common but it is still as severe as any other variation of diabetes and should not be underestimated. Both children and adults alike can develop type 1 and if anyone suspects a possible problem then it is important to seek medical
advice as soon as possible.
It is important to remember that this particular form of diabetes cannot be prevented (unlike type 2) but there are ways that the condition can be managed so that no further problems arise. Keep on reading to find out how you can cope with type 1 diabetes.
Fact: Type 1 diabetes is also known as an insulin-dependent form and even though this particular condition is usually diagnosed during childhood, this is not always going to be the case. Another point you will need to remember is that a person suffering from type 1 can actually be misdiagnosed from time to time.
What are the symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes?
There are a number of different symptoms associated with type 1 diabetes and it is important that you are able to recognise a few of the possibilities.
The list includes the following:
- Constantly feeling tired
- Unexplained weight loss, yet it seems that a loss in appetite has not been experienced
- Frequent and prolonged thirst
- Urinating regularly (throughout the day and night – one term used to describe this is nocturia)
- Stomach aches – this symptom can be experienced by anyone, but it is more likely to occur in children
- Headaches – as with stomach aches, this particular symptom is often experienced by children, more than adults
These are just a few of the common symptoms and should you be experiencing any of the signs listed above then it is best to visit your doctor so that a diagnosis can be made, as well as establishing a suitable treatment regime to ensure that you remain in good health, and free from further diabetes related complications.
Fact: It has been suggested that approximately 1 in 300 adults will develop type 1 diabetes at some stage in their life.
Complications with Type 1 Diabetes
As with most conditions, there are usually
complications associated with them and type 1 diabetes is no different. If the
problem is not managed properly then these are a few of the known problems that can occur as a direct result:
- Kidney disease – this is regularly referred to as diabetic neuropathy
- Ketoacidosis is known to cause sufferers to go into a diabetic coma, or in serious cases end up dying. This complication occurs when the blood sugar levels start to exceed safe limits
- Retinopathy – a disease of the eyes that occurs as a result of diabetes
How can I treat Type 1 Diabetes?
That is a very good question and if a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes is made then your doctor will be able to outline a few of the treatment options available in order to manage the condition effectively.
These could include:
- Ensuring that you have a healthy and balanced diet, which also focuses on having a good level of carbohydrates
- Exercising regularly is a great way of keeping blood sugar levels down. By doing the recommended 30 minutes per day, this is going to definitely help keep any problems at bay
- Regular testing of your glucose levels. It is recommended that this should be done a few times in any 24 hour period so you can ensure the levels are kept within the relevant safety limits. There are numerous home kits available to purchase which will allow you to do a test quickly and privately
- Make sure you administer regular injections of insulin (this is going to vary from person to person) but it is possible that several times per day is essential for some people
- If you smoke then maybe the time has come to look at kicking the habit altogether. There are plenty of people who have been diagnosed with the condition, yet continue to smoke and this can end up being extremely dangerous
Top tip: It is important to remember that no two people are the same
and everyone is going to have to manage their diabetes differently. Should
there be anything you are unsure about then your doctor is going to be able to
provide any advice needed to help you manage your condition properly.
How can you improve your level of health with
Type 1 Diabetes?
If the condition is managed properly then there is no need for type 1 diabetes to have a major impact on your life. To help limit any symptoms arising in the first place, there are a few useful methods that will assist at making your life with diabetes a lot easier.
These are just a few of the possibilities:
- Work at learning how to administer your insulin injections, as quickly and efficiently as possible.
- Always keep a vial of insulin handy, just in case it is required
- Be aware of the signs of a high or low glucose level and understand how to rectify such a problem
- Visiting your doctor regularly will ensure that your diabetes is being kept under control
- When doing glucose testing, always keep a record of the readings on a daily basis
Any form of diabetes can be a serious condition but if you follow the steps mentioned above then this is definitely going to give you a good idea of how to manage your condition, as well as avoiding the risks of further complications in the future.