Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes tends to develop when the body is unable to process insulin effectively and this is when the glucose/blood sugar levels tend to gradually increase.

Any form of diabetes is serious and once a person has it, it is a lifelong condition. 

In the past, many have considered their lives to be over as regular insulin injections or other forms of medication are required to keep the problem under control. This is far from the case, because a few slight changes can make a huge difference, and you can still live a happy and equally healthy life whilst knowing that diabetes is not going to hold you back in any way.

With type 1, this is something which is much more likely to develop during childhood, as opposed to adulthood but in the case of type 2 diabetes, anyone over the age of 40 is much more likely to develop this particular condition.

There are a number of different reasons why a person might go on to develop type 2 diabetes and they could include the following:

  • A person is suffering from a high blood pressure, which can be caused as a result of a poor diet, lack of exercise or maybe even both
  • If there is a family history of type 2 diabetes. Maybe you have a sibling, parent or grandparent who has had the problem. This is a common and well known factor for certain people to develop this condition.  
  • It is well known that a women who developed GDM (Gestational Diabetes Mellitus) is at greater risk from this form of diabetes
  • People who are considered to be overweight or obese are at greater risk of type 2 diabetes

Medical causes of Type 2 Diabetes

Of course, it is often personal circumstances that can be attributed to the development of type 2 diabetes, but there are several key medical reasons why this occurs in the first place.

  • The body is not making enough insulin to cope with your individual needs
  • Known as “insulin resistance”, this is when the body is unable to use the insulin properly. If this is the case it simply means that you require more insulin than someone who doesn’t suffer from diabetes to keep the glucose level within safe limits

Even if you fall under one or more of these categories, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you are going to develop the condition, but it is vital you are aware of the increased risk.

Fact: The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are going to be very similar, if not identical to that of type 1 and therefore it is important to be on the look out for any of the common signs. In the past, people have been diagnosed, due to the similarities between the two different types.

Are there any complications I should know about
with Type 2 Diabetes?

When it comes to Type 2 Diabetes or any form of diabetes if the condition is not managed properly then this can lead to a number of different and equally dangerous complications, either now or in the future.

The list includes the following:

  • Problems with the eye/s
  • Issues relating to the feet – poor circulation is a common complication with diabetes and therefore it is recommended to check your feet regularly for any cuts, bruising or general blemishes that could cause problems
  • Kidney damage / failure is another possibility
  • Cardiovascular problems

These are just a few of the possible problems but it is important to remember that you might not end up with any of them. Experts suggest that as long as you work at keeping your glucose level to a normal threshold then this is going to significantly reduce the risk.

How can I keep my glucose levels under control
with Type 2 Diabetes?

For anyone that has diabetes, this can be a particular distressing time but there is no real need to worry if you have an idea of managing your glucose level so that it stays at a safe limit.

You may already have an idea of how this can be done, but experts urge that you look at the following possibilities so that any lifestyle changes (should they be required) are made as soon as possible.

  • A main cause of type 2 diabetes occurring is when a person is either overweight or obese. If this is the case then losing weight is not going to eradicate the problem, but it will help you maintain a greater level of control
  • The Department of Health recommend that everyone should do at least 30 minutes of exercise per day to help anyone maintain a good state of health and level of fitness
  • Make sure you have a balanced and healthy diet. Cut out foods that are full of “empty” calories and fat and concentrate on items that are low in fat, sugar etc but also provide key carbohydrates and fibre, as well as meeting your essential 5 a day

Top tip: If there is anything that you are unsure about then don’t hesitate to speak with your doctor and/or a diabetes team, as they will be able to provide you with the necessary advice and guidance to manage your diabetes, so that there is little disruption to both you and your overall state of health.

For most people, the above points should definitely work effectively at reducing the blood sugar level. There are however going to be cases when there is not enough of a significant drop (after making changes to what you eat and how you exercise) and that is when you will need to see your doctor as they are almost certainly going to advice that a type of medication is prescribed.

There are many different types of medication available, and your doctor is either going to suggest that your treatment is going to involve injection or tablet form, depending entirely on the status of your condition and individual requirements. 

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